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Shruti Sharma

Content Curator | Updated On - May 7, 2022

NTA has released the NEET Physics Exam Pattern 2022 along with the information brochure. This 2022, slight changes have been made to the exam pattern which is comprised of optional questions (5 questions each). Exam duration have been increased from 180 Mins to 200 Mins. Check NEET Exam Pattern

NEET Physics Section is divided into section A (35 questions) and section B (15 questions) i.e. a total of 50 questions. Section B contains optional questions as only 10 questions need to be attempted out of 15 as per the candidate’s choice. Physics holds 180 marks out of a total of 720 marks. 

Most students find Physics one of the toughest exams and it's difficult to score good marks in this section. However, if the pattern is analyzed well and proper preparation is done, a good scoring can be done in this section. Check NEET Physics Preparation Tips

Each correct answer will offer 4 marks and one mark will be deducted for each incorrect answer. Questions are of MCQ types that need a lot of time management. This article consists of all information about NEET Physics Exam Pattern.

NEET Physics Exam Pattern: Highlights

Some major highlights of the NEET Physics Exam Pattern are tabulated below.

Particular Details
Exam Full Form National Eligibility cum Entrance Test Physics Exam
Exam Mode Offline
Exam Duration 3 hours (180 minutes)
Conducted By National Testing Agency
Level of the Exam National Level Exam
Exam Frequency in a Year Once in every year
Type of the Exam Objective Type (MCQ)
Total number of questions 50 questions (Part A – 35 and Part B – 15 marks)
Marking Scheme Four marks (+4) for each correct answer and One mark (-1) will be deducted for each wrong answer
Exam medium English, Hindi, Bengali, Assamese, Malayalam, Tamil, Gujarati, Telugu, Kannada, Marathi, Oriya, Punjabi, and Urdu

NEET 2022 Physics Exam Pattern: Medium of Question Paper

NEET question paper is available in 11 languages in different regions. However, the most preferred language medium is English and Hindi.

Exam medium Exam Center Availability
English All exam centers
Hindi All exam centers
Tamil Tamil Nādu Exam Centers
Gujarati Gujarat, Daman, Dadra, and Nagar Haveli
Kannada Karnataka Exam Centers
Marathi Maharashtra Exam Centers
Assamese Assam Exam Centers
Telugu Andhra Pradesh and Telangana Exam Centers
Oriya Orissa Exam Centers
Bengali West Bengal Exam Centers
Punjab Punjab Exam Centers
Malayalam Kerela Exam Centers

NEET Physics Marking Scheme

The physics exam contains 50 questions out of which 45 need to be solved. 5 questions are optional in section B. The total marks covered by the Physics section are 180. If a candidate marks two or more answers, it will be considered a wrong answer. Candidates will be provided an internal choice of questions in section B.

The marking scheme for the NEET Physics exam is elaborated in the table below.

Response Marks
For every correct answer +4
For every incorrect answer -1

NEET Physics Syllabus 2022

NEET Physics syllabus covers almost all topics of the class 11th & 12th NCERT Physics syllabus. It is recommended to cover NCERT primarily to clear the concepts and then move to books like HC Verma and IRODOV to increase the difficulty level. It is recommended to prepare the numerical part well as it helps in scoring. Some important topics are listed below.

  • Physical-world and measurement
  • Laws of Motion
  • Kinematics
  • Work, Energy, and Power
  • The motion of systems of particles and rigid body
  • Thermodynamics
  • The behavior of Perfect Gas and Kinetic theory
  • Gravitation
  • Properties of Bulk Matter
  • Oscillations and wave
  • Electro statistics
  • Magnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism
  • Current Electricity
  • Electromagnetic induction and alternating currents
  • Electromagnetic waves
  • Atoms and Nuclei
  • Electronic Devices
  • Optics
  • Dual Nature of Matter and Radiation 

NEET Physics- Chapter-wise weightage

The importance of the chapter may differ as per the difficulty level and variety of concepts. The chapter-wise weightage of Physics is tabulated below based on previous trends of questions asked.

Chapter Name Weightage in percentile Approximate Number of questions asked
Current electricity 8 2
Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter 6 2
Electromagnetic induction 4 1
Alternating current 4 1
Atoms 1.5 0-1
Electromagnetic waves 5 1
Electric Charges and Fields 4.5 1
Electrostatic Potential and Capacitance 4.5 1
Gravitation 2 0-1
Kinetic theory 3 1
Mechanical Properties of Fluids 2 0-1
Work, Energy, and Power 4 1
Mechanical Properties of Solids 2 0-1
Newton's Laws of Motion 3 1
Magnetism and Matter 2.5 1
Motion in a Plane 1.5 0-1
Motion in a Straight Line 1.5 0-1
Moving Charges and Magnetism 2.5 1
Nuclei 1.5 0-1
Oscillations 1.5 0-1
Physical World, Units, and Measurements 2 0-1
Ray optics and optical instruments 5 1
Thermal Properties of Matter 2 0-1
Thermodynamics 9 2
Semiconductor Electronics (Materials, Devices, and Simple Circuits) 6 2
System of Particles and Rotational Motion 5 1
Wave optics 5 1
Waves 1.5 0-1
Total 100 45

NEET Physics Exam Pattern: Important Book

Specific books need to be followed to prepare for the NEET 2022 as it is one of the toughest national-level competitive exams. Some important books are mentioned below.

Books Name Authors Name
NCERT Physics HC Verma’s Concepts of Physics Vol I
NCERT Physics HC Verma’s Concepts of Physics Vol II
Concepts of Physics- Vol II HC Verma
Fundamental Physics Sandeep
Fundamentals of Physics Halliday, Resnick & Walker

NEET Physics Paper Analysis

Mechanics is the most important topic of Physics with maximum weightage. Electrodynamics covers 9-10 questions. The difficulty level of these topics is higher in comparison to other topics. Maximum questions are numerically based and take a lot of time to complete.

  • In 2019, the NEET Physics exam was moderate in terms of length and difficulty level.
  • A lot of numerical questions are asked in the NEET exam which involve a lot of computation.
  • Around 60 percent syllabus was from NCERT
  • Questions are asked equally from the 11th and 12th syllabus
  • Magnetic Effect of Current and Current Electricity comprises easy questions

To cover the maximum portion and score well, candidates must prioritize the topics well and prepare topics with higher weightage.

Check NEET Paper Analysis

Based on previous trends in NEET exams, the following topics are categorized into different difficulty levels.

  • Higher difficulty level
  • Ray Optics
  • Electromagnetic Induction
  • Alternating Current
  • Magnetic Effects of Current
  • Semiconductors and Communication System
  • Rotational Motion
  • Current Electricity
  • Laws of Thermodynamics
  • Classical Magnetism and Magnetic Properties of Matter
  • Medium difficulty level
  • Motion in one dimension
  • Newton’s Laws of motion
  • Atomic structure in Modern Physics
  • Gravitation
  • Waves and Sounds
  • Heat Transfer
  • Circular motion
  • Semiconductors
  • Properties of matter
  • Fluid Mechanics
  • Lower difficulty level
  • Oscillations
  • Units and Dimensions
  • Motion in two dimensions
  • Projectile motion
  • Thermal Properties of Matter
  • Kinetic Theory of Gases
  • Electro statistics
  • Photo-electric effect
  • Electromagnetic waves
  • Work energy and power
  • Experimental Physics
  • Center of Mass and Momentum Conservation
  • Nuclear Physics
  • Radioactivity

However, the distribution of questions as per the chapters needs to be considered to score more in the paper. Candidates should invest more time in higher weightage units to score the maximum.

Numbers of expected questions Name of the chapter
15 questions Mechanics
10 questions Optics and Modern Physics
13 questions Electricity and Magnetism
7 questions Properties of Bulk matters and Heat (Other)
45 questions Total

Hence, we can conclude that Mechanics cover most of the weightage. So, the concepts from this unit must be clear and practiced well to score enough from the questions in this unit.

Sample Questions for NEET Physics

Ques. Select the value of an angle of dip at the magnetic equator.

  • 10 degree
  • 90 degree
  • 30 degree
  • None of the above

Ans. None of the above as it is 0 degree

Ques. Which principle defines the concept of thermocouple

  • Thomson Effect
  • Seedback Effect
  • Peltier Effect
  • All of the above

Ans. Seedback Effect

Ques. Achromatic lenses are made by the combination of

  • Two Concave lenses
  • Two Convex lenses
  • One Concave and One Convex lens
  • None of the above

Ans. One Concave and One Convex lens

Ques. A copper wire is stretched by 0.2 percent. What will happen to its resistivity?

  • Decreases by 0.4 %
  • Increases by 0.4 %
  • Increases by 0.1 %
  • Decreases by 0.2 %

Ans. Increases by 0.4 %

Ques. What do you mean by the internal resistance of a cell?

  • Electrodes of cell
  • Vessel of the cell
  • The electrolyte used in cell
  • Resistance to the material used

Ans. The electrolyte used in cell

NEET Physics Exam Pattern: FAQs

Ques. Does the NEET exam contain a specific timer for the Physics section?

Ans. No, there is no sectional timer in the Physics section. A total of 3 hours is allocated to candidates its all upon applicants to manage the time. The physics and mathematics section takes a lot of time due to numerical computations. It is recommended to prepare numerical part to ensure time management.

Ques. Is there a sectional qualifying criterion in NEET?

Ans. No, there are no sectional qualifying criteria or elimination round. Candidates require to match the criteria based on the overall cut-off.

Ques. Why is physics considered a tough section?

Ans. Physics is one of the toughest sections as it needs concepts as well as numerical. Candidates need to prepare well in all chapters to be clear with concepts. That is why physics is considered a tough section.

Ques. Has NTA made any changes in the NEET exam pattern?

Ans. Yes, NTA has made changes in the NEET exam pattern. This time a total of 20 optional questions (5 from each section) are covered in the NEET syllabus for a candidate to choose as per their choices.

Ques. Is it compulsory to attempt all questions in the NEET exam?

Ans. No, it is not compulsory to attempt all questions. Even due to the negative marking scheme for wrong answers, it is recommended not to mark a question for which the solution is unknown.

*The article might have information for the previous academic years, please refer the official website of the exam.


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