NTA has published NEET 2021 Physics Syllabus on its official website. Physics section carries 25% weightage out of 180 total marks of NEET 2021 exam. To check the NEET 2021 syllabus, you have to visit nta neet.nic.in.
Since NEET (UG) is now the only examination for admission in medical institutes in India, hence, the difficulty level might reduce. But to secure admission in a top-tier medical course, you have to solve NEET previous years question papers and sample papers with utmost dedication. It will also help you to understand the weightage of the questions of each section.
3 subjects are assessed in the examination – Physics, Chemistry, Biology. NCERT books of class 11th and 12th for each subject are extremely important while preparing for NEET 2021. Specifically, NEET 2021 Physics Syllabus is considered to be the toughest among the three subjects.
So, what should be the first step to start your NEET 2021 preparation? To begin with, aspirants should know the syllabus of each subject. Even though the NEET 2021 syllabus has not been announced this year, it is expected to be same as 2020.
NEET 2021 Physics Syllabus – Overview
NEET 2021 Physics syllabus is directly taken from what students study in their Class 11 and 12 NCERT textbooks. NEET Physics syllabus given below is always recommended.
|NEET Physics Syllabus for Class 11 ||NEET Physics Syllabus for Class 12 |
|Physics World and Measurement ||Electrostatics |
|Kinematics ||Current Electricity |
|Laws of Motion ||Magnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism |
|Work, Energy and Power ||Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents |
|Motion of System of Particles and Rigid Body ||Electromagnetic Waves |
|Gravitation ||Optics |
|Properties of Bulk Matter ||Dual Nature of Matter and Radiation |
|Thermodynamics ||Atoms and Nuclei |
|Behaviour of Perfect Gas and Kinetic Theory ||Electronic Devices |
|Oscillation and Waves ||– |
NEET 2021 Physics Syllabus: Class XI
UNIT I: Physical World and Measurement
- Physics: Physics, technology, and society; Nature of physical laws; Scope and excitement.
- Need for measurement: Units of measurement; SI units, fundamental and derived units; systems of units. Length, mass and time measurements; errors in measurement; significant figures; accuracy and precision of measuring instruments.
- Dimensions of physical quantities, its application and dimensional analysis.
UNIT II: Kinematics
- Motion in a straight line, Frame of reference; Uniformly accelerated motion, velocity-time and position-time graphs, for uniformly accelerated motion (graphical treatment). Position-time graph, speed and velocity. Non – uniform and uniform motion, instantaneous velocity and average speed.
- Elementary concepts of integration and differentiation for describing motion. Scalar and vector quantities: Displacement and position vectors, general vectors, general vectors and notation, equality of vectors, multiplication of vectors by a real number; addition and subtraction of vectors. Relative velocity.
- Unit vectors. Resolution of a vector in plane-rectangular components.
- Scalar and Vector products of Vectors. Motion in a plane. Cases of uniform acceleration and uniform velocity – projectile motion. Uniform circular motion.
UNIT III: Laws Of Motion
- Inertia, Intuitive concept of force, Newton’s first law of motion, momentum and Newton’s second law of motion, impulse, Newton’s third law of motion, Law of conservation of linear momentum and its applications.
- Static and Kinetic friction, Lubrication, laws of friction, rolling friction.
- Equilibrium of concurrent forces,
- Dynamics of uniform circular motion,
- Centripetal force, examples of circular motion (vehicle on level circular and banked road).
UNIT IV: Work, Energy, and Power
- Work done by a constant and variable force, work-energy theorem, kinetic energy, power.
- Notion of potential energy, potential energy of a spring, conservative forces; conservation of mechanical energy (kinetic and potential energies), non-conservative forces, motion in a vertical circle, elastic and inelastic collisions in one and two dimensions.
UNIT V: Motion of System of Particles and Rigid Body
- Centre of the mass of the rigid body, centre of mass of the uniform rod.
- Centre of the mass of the two-particle system, momentum conservation and centre of mass motion.
- Moment of a force, angular momentum, conservation of angular momentum with some examples, -torque.
- Equilibrium of rigid bodies, comparison of linear and rotational motions, rigid body rotation and equation of rotational motion, the moment of inertia, radius of gyration.
- Values of M.I. for simple geometrical objects (no derivation).
- Statement of perpendicular and parallel and axes theorems and their applications.
UNIT VI: Gravitation
- Kepler’s laws of planetary motion. Acceleration due to gravity and its variation with depth and altitude. The universal law of gravitation.
- Gravitational potential energy, gravitational potential.
- Escape velocity, orbital velocity of a satellite.
- Geostationary satellites.
UNIT VII: Properties of Bulk Matter
- Elastic behavior, Stress-strain relationship.
- Poisson’s ratio, elastic energy.
- Young’s modulus, bulk modulus, shear, modulus of rigidity, Hooke’s law.
- Stokes’ law, Viscosity, terminal velocity, streamline and turbulent flow, Reynold’s number.
- Critical velocity, Bernoulli’s theorem and its applications.
- Surface energy and surface tension, application of surface tension ideas to drops, angle of contact, excess of pressure, bubbles and capillary rise.
- Temperature, heat, thermal expansion, thermal expansion of solids, liquids, and gases.
- Specific heat capacity: Cp, change of state-latent heat, Cv-calorimetry.
- Anomalous expansion.
- Heat transfer-conduction and thermal conductivity, radiation and convection.
- Qualitative ideas of Wein’s displacement law, Black Body Radiation, and GreenHouse effect.
- Stefan’s Law and Newton’s law of cooling.
UNIT VIII: Thermodynamics
- Zeroth Law of Thermodynamics: Thermal equilibrium and definition of temperature.
- First law of thermodynamics.
- Heat, work and internal energy.
- Isothermal and adiabatic processes.
- Second law of the thermodynamics: Reversible and irreversible processes. Heat refrigerators and engines.
UNIT IX: Behavior of Perfect Gas and Kinetic Theory
- Work done on compressing a gas, equation of state of a perfect gas.
- Kinetic theory of gases: Assumptions, concept of pressure. Kinetic energy and temperature, law of equipartition of energy (statement only), degree of freedom and application to specific heat capacities of gases, concept of mean free path, concept of gases.
UNIT X: Oscillations and Waves
- Periodic motion-period, displacement as a function of time, frequency.
- Periodic functions.
- Simple harmonic motion (SHM) and its equation.
- Phase, simple pendulum – derivation of expression for its time period, forced, energy in SHM –Kinetic and potential energies, oscillations of a spring-restoring force and force constant, free and damped oscillations ( qualitative ideas only), resonance.
- Wave motion. Displacement relation for a progressive wave.
- Longitudinal and transverse waves, speed of wave motion. Reflection of waves, standing waves in strings and organ pipes, the principle of superposition of waves, fundamental mode and harmonics.
- Doppler Effect.
NEET 2021 Physics Syllabus: Class XII
UNIT I: Electrostatics
- Electric charges and their conservation.
- Coulomb’s law-force between two point charges, superposition principle and continuous charge distribution, forces between multiple charges, .
- Electric field, electric field due to a point charge, electric dipole, electric field lines, torque on a dipole in a uniform electric field, electric field due to a dipole.
- Statement of Gauss’s theorem and its applications to find field due to infinitely long straight wire, uniformly charged infinite plane sheet and uniformly charged thin spherical shell( field inside and outside), Electric flux.
- Electric potential, electric potential due to a point charge, potential difference, a dipole and system of charges: equipotential surfaces, electrical potential energy of a system of two point charges and of electric dipoles in an electrostatic field.
- Conductors and insulators, bound charges inside a conductor and free charges.
- Dielectrics and electric polarization, combination of capacitors in series and in parallel, capacitors and capacitance, capacitance of a parallel plate capacitor with and without dielectric medium between the plates, Van de Graff generator, energy stored in a capacitor.
UNIT II: Current Electricity
- Electric current, drift velocity and mobility, and their relation with electric current, flow of electric charges in a metallic conductor, electrical resistance, Ohm’s law, V-I characteristics (linear and nonlinear), electrical resistivity and conductivity, electrical energy and power.
- Carbon resistors, series and parallel combinations of resistors, color code for carbon resistors, temperature dependence of resistance.
- Internal resistance of a cell, potential difference and emf of a cell, combination of cells in parallel and in series.
- Kirchhoff’s laws and simple applications. metre bridge and Wheatstone bridge.
- Potentiometer-principle and applications to measure potential difference, measurement of internal resistance of a cell, comparing emf of two cells.
UNIT III: Magnetic Effects Of Current And Magnetism
- Concept of magnetic field, Oersted’s experiment.
- Biot Savart law and its application to current carrying circular loops.
- Ampere’s law and its applications to infinitely long straight wire, straight and toroidal solenoids.
- Cyclotron, Force on a moving charge in uniform magnetic and electric fields.
- Force on a current-carrying conductor in a uniform magnetic field.
- Force between two parallel current-carrying conductors-definition of ampere.
- Torque experienced by a current loop in a magnetic field, moving coil galvanometer-its current sensitivity and conversion to voltmeter and ammeter.
- Current loop as a magnetic dipole and its magnetic dipole moment, Magnetic dipole moment of a revolving electron.
- Magnetic field intensity due to a magnetic dipole along its axis and perpendicular to its axis.
- Torque on a magnetic dipole in a uniform magnetic field, magnetic field lines, bar magnet as an equivalent solenoid, Earth’s magnetic field and magnetic elements.
- Paramagnetic, ferro-megnatic and dia- magnetic substances, with examples.
- Permanent magnets, Electromagnetic and factors affecting their strengths.
UNIT IV: Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents
- Electromagnetic induction, induced emf and current, Faraday’s law, Eddy currents, Lenz’s law.
- Mutual and self inductance.
- Alternating currents, peak and rms value of alternating current/voltage, reactance and impedance, LCR series circuit, resonance, power in AC circuits, wattless current, LC oscillations (qualitative treatment only).
- AC generator and transformer.
UNIT V: Electromagnetic Waves
- Need for displacement current
- Electromagnetic waves and its characteristics.
- Transverse nature of electromagnetic waves.
- Electromagnetic spectrum (radio waves, infrared, microwaves, ultraviolet, visible, gamma rays, x-rays) including elementary facts about their uses.
UNIT VI: Optics
- Reflection of light, spherical mirrors, mirror formula.
- Reflection of light, total internal reflection and its applications optical fibres, refraction at spherical surfaces, lenses, thin lens formula, lens-maker’s formula.
- Magnification, combination of thin lenses in contact combination of a lens and a mirror, power of a lens.
- Dispersion and Refraction of light through a prism.
- Scattering of light-blue colour of the sky and reddish appearance of the sun at sunset and sunrise.
- Optical instruments: Human eye, correction of eye defects (hypermetropia and myopia) using lenses, image formation and accommodation.
- Microscopes and astronomical telescopes (refracting and reflecting) and their magnifying powers.
- Proof of laws of refraction and reflection using Huygens’ principle.
- Wave optics: Wavefront and Huygens’ principle, refraction and reflection of plane waves at a plane surface using wavefronts.
- Interference, coherent sources and sustained interference of light, Young’s double hole experiment and expression for fringe width.
- Diffraction due to a single slit, width of central maximum.
- Polarization, Brewster’s law, uses of plane polarized light and Polaroids, plane polarized light.
- Resolving power of microscopes and astronomical telescopes.
UNIT VII: Dual Nature Of Matter And Radiation
- Hertz and Lenard’s observations, Photoelectric effect, Einstein’s photoelectric equation-particle nature of light.
- De Broglie relation, matter waves – wave nature of particles.
- Davisson-Germer experiment.
UNIT VIII: Atoms And Nuclei
- Rutherford’s model of atom, Alpha-particle scattering experiments, Bohr model, energy levels, hydrogen spectrum.
- Composition and size of nucleus, isotopes, isobars, isotones, atomic masses.
- Radioactivity- alpha, gamma and beta rays/particles and their properties decay law.
- Mass-energy relation, binding energy per nucleon and its variation with mass number, mass defect, nuclear fusion and fission.
UNIT IX: Electronic Devices
- Energy bands in solids (qualitative ideas only), insulators, conductors, and semiconductor diode- I-V characteristics in reverse and forward bias, I-V characteristics of LED, diode as a rectifier, photodiode, , Zener diode as a voltage regulator, solar cell, and Zener diode.
- Junction transistor, characteristics of a transistor, transistor action, transistor as an amplifier and oscillator.
- Logic gates (OR, NOT, NOT, NOR and NAND), Transistor as a switch.
The whole NEET 2021 Physics syllabus PDF is downloadable and you can refer to the official document provided by NTA here. Or students can print this page using Ctrl+P and keep this as a reminder of the long list of topics they have to prepare for!
Weightage of Important Topics in NEET 2021 Physics Syllabus
Some topics of NEET 2021 Physics Syllabus are more important than others as they are repeatedly asked in the NEET previous year question papers. Some of the Important Topics of NEET Physics Syllabus are mentioned in the table below-
|NEET Physics Important Chapters ||Weightage in NEET Physics Syllabus |
|Laws of Motion ||15% |
|System of Particle and Rigid Body ||14% |
|Thermodynamics ||14% |
|Magnetic Effect of Current and Magnetism ||12% |
|Current Electricity ||13% |
|Semiconductor Electronics ||12% |
|Atoms and Nuclei ||10% |
|Ray Optics and Optical Instrument ||10% |
Very Important Topics of NEET Physics Syllabus
Physics syllabus for NEET is vast, and you cannot skip any major topic. Specifically, the NEET previous year question papers for Physics had about 19 questions from the class XI syllabus and around 26 questions from class XII syllabus. Therefore, it is essential to cover all the chapters that are mentioned in the official NEET 2021 Physics Syllabus.
|Electronic Devices |
|Heat and Thermodynamics |
|Laws of Motion |
|Magnetic effect of Current and Magnetism |
|Oscillations and Waves |
Moderately Important Topics of NEET Physics Syllabus
|Atoms and Nuclei |
|Current Electricity |
|Dual Nature of Matter and Radiation |
|Electromagnetic Induction |
|Motion of System of Particles and Rigid Body |
|Work, Energy & Power |
Less Important Topics of NEET Physics Syllabus
|Alternating Current |
|Behavior of Perfect Gas and Kinetic Theory |
|Electromagnetic Waves |
|Physical World and Measurement |
|Properties of Bulk Matter |
The major point to be noted is that the questions were mostly from the topics covered in the NCERT books based on the analysis of the last year question paper. Here the important topics of NEET Physics syllabus from which the questions are mostly asked in exam-
Number of Questions Expected from Various Topics
|Topics of Physics Syllabus for NEET 2021 ||No of Questions Expected |
|Mechanics ||19 |
|Electrodynamics ||9 |
|Modern Physics ||7 |
|Optics and Wave Optics ||5 |
|Thermodynamics ||5 |
Chapter-wise Difficulty in NEET 2021 Physics Syllabus
Given below is an analysis of difficulty of questions bifurcated chapter-wise. As the table below suggests, NEET Physics Syllabus requires deep knowledge of each topic. Specifically, the number of easy questions has completely vanished in the past few years. Considerably, almost all the questions in NEET Physics are moderate or tough. Furthermore, the major getaway from this is that due to a higher difficulty level, competition in NEET is saturated towards the top 10% to 20% of the candidates only.
|Unit ||Number of Questions ||Easy ||Moderate ||Difficult |
|Mechanics ||17 ||0 ||16 ||1 |
|Heat and Thermodynamics ||3 ||0 ||3 ||0 |
|Properties of matter ||3 ||0 ||2 ||1 |
|Electrostatics and Capacitor ||4 ||0 ||4 ||0 |
|Current Electricity ||3 ||0 ||3 ||0 |
|Magnetism, Magnetic Effect of Current and AC ||5 ||0 ||4 ||1 |
|Modern Physics ||6 ||0 ||5 ||1 |
|Ray and Way Optics ||4 ||0 ||4 ||0 |
|Total ||45 ||0 ||41 ||4 |
NEET 2021 Physics Syllabus: Preparation Tips
NEET Physics syllabus is considered as difficult due to confusing patterns and also because it includes a wide range of scientific principles and numerical problems. Again, the top experts will not deny this fact. Hence, you should clear your concept first. Afterward, to cover the whole syllabus from 0 to 100, the students should follow a strategy.
Some Useful NEET 2021 Preparation Tips for Physics Syllabus
- Know NEET 2021 syllabus and exam pattern – Learn about what is going to be asked in the examinations. Check NEET 2021 Physics Syllabus and keep a print out of it as a task list accordingly. On the other hand, NEET 2021 Exam Pattern helps you to understand the intricacies of the exam.
- Focus on important concepts – The most important topics of NEET Physics Syllabus are – Mechanics, Heat, and Thermodynamics, Electrodynamics and also Modern Physics. This is based on past year trends. For instance, almost 50-60% of paper is set on these topics.
- Remember all formulae – Learning a formula is easy. However, learning a whole book of formulae is pretty difficult. Therefore, students must maintain a short book for these and keep revising the most important formulae accordingly.
- Practice old question papers – During the last few weeks of preparation, it is necessary to work on all the topics with equal importance. Therefore, take a pen and paper and solve the maximum old question papers.
- Create short notes – You must make notes of all the essential formulae, theorems and also principles when you are learning the topics for the first time. Consequently, this will help you during revision as short notes help in a quick go-through.
- Practice with Online Mock Tests – Take as many NEET mock tests as possible. Therefore, this will help you score well due to higher practice and also make you adapt to a computer-based environment. Moreover, mock analysis are available from each attempted test which will also help you to understand the weak topics
- Work on weak topics – Prioritize on most important topics of NEET Physics Syllabus and then plan for the less important ones. Moreover, working on mock will help in knowing the weak areas. Additionally, various websites provide topic-based tests to practice on various difficulty levels.
Best Books for NEET 2021 Preparation of Physics Syllabus
We have listed some important books to prepare aspirants for a strong base in NEET 2021 Physics syllabus subsequently. However, remember that this list is not exhaustive. You can refer to other books too if you find them useful.
|Book ||Author |
|Physics for Medical Entrance Examinations ||D.C. Pandey |
|Concepts of Physics ||H.C. Verma |
|Fundamentals of Physics ||Halliday, Resnick and Walker |
|Objective NCERT at your fingertips for NEET AIIMS- Physics ||MTG Editorial Board |
|Complete NEET Guide ||MTG Editorial Board |
|NEET 2020 Physics Guide- 5th Edition ||Disha Publications |
According to a large number of medical aspirants and experts, Physics is comparatively more tricky and conceptual based. Hence, this is the reason why most of the candidates find the NEET Physics questions toughest than the other two sections. For example, the NEET 2021 appearing candidates are advised to practice questions with the low to heavy calculations to improve their performance in the examination.