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Shruti Sharma

Content Curator | Updated On - Apr 27, 2022

NEET 2022 Chemistry Syllabus is very vast and can be classified into three parts, namely- Physical, Organic and Inorganic Chemistry. NEET 2022 covers Chemistry Syllabus as prescribed in CBSE class XI and class XII NCERT books. No changes have been made to the NEET 2022 syllabus

In NEET 2022, a total of 50 questions will be asked from the Chemistry section. All the candidates have to attempt 45 questions, out of which 35 questions are from section A and 10 are from section B. For the NEET Chemistry Syllabus, some important topics according to the previous year's analysis are Chemical Bonding, p-block, Coordination Compounds, and many more. The more time you allot to the high weightage chapters higher will be your score in NTA NEET 2022 chemistry section. Not to forget, the more the revision, the better the performance.

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NEET Chemistry Syllabus 2022: Highlights

Total weightage 25% NEET Syllabus
Sub-category Physical Chemistry, Organic Chemistry, and Inorganic Chemistry
Number of Questions Section A: 35
Section B: 15 (attempt only 10)
Marks for each question 4 marks for every correct answer
Negative Marking 1 mark deducted for each wrong answer
Total Marks for Biology 180 marks out of 720 marks

Must Check - NEET 2022 Exam Pattern

NEET Chemistry Syllabus 2022: Class XI Syllabus

Unit-wise syllabus for NEET 11th Chemistry 2022 is tabulated below:

Topic Name Sub-topics included
Unit 1 - Some Basic Concepts of Chemistry
  • General Introduction: Importance, scope of chemistry
  • Laws of chemical combination and Dalton’s atomic theory: Concepts of atoms, molecules, and Elements
  • Atomic and molecular masses: Concept of Mole, Concept of molar mass, percentage composition, empirical formula, molecular formula, chemical reactions, stoichiometry, calculations based on stoichiometry.
Unit 2 - Structure of Atom
  • Atomic number, isotopes, isobars: Concept of shells, concept of subshells, dual nature of matter and light, relationship of de Broglie’s law, Heisenberg uncertainty principle, quantum numbers, shapes of s, p and d orbitals, concept of orbital, rules for filling electrons in orbitals- Aufbau principle, Pauli exclusion principles, Hund’s rule, electronic configuration of atoms, stability of half filled, stability of completely filled orbitals
Unit 3 - Classification of Elements and Periodicity in Properties
  • Modern periodic law, long form of periodic table, periodic trends in the properties of elements atomic radii, ionic radii, ionization enthalpy, electron gain enthalpy, electronegativity, valence
Unit 4 - Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure
  • Valence electrons, covalent bond, ionic bond, bond parameters, Lewis structure, valence bond theory, polar character of covalent bond, resonance of molecules, geometry of molecules, VSEPR theory, concept of hybridization involving s, p and d orbitals and shapes of some simple molecules, molecular orbital theory of homonuclear diatomic molecules, Hydrogen bond.
Unit 5 - States of Matter: Gases and Liquids
  • Three states of matter: types of bonding, melting points, boiling points, intermolecular interactions, role of gas laws in the concept of the molecule, Boyle’s law, Gay Lussac’s law, Charle’s law, Avogadro’s law, ideal behaviour of gases, empirical derivation of gas equation, Avogadro number, ideal gas equation, Kinetic energy, molecular speeds, deviation of ideal behaviour, liquefaction of gases, critical temperature
  • Liquid State: Vapour pressure, viscosity, surface tension
Unit 6 – Thermodynamics
  • First law of thermodynamics: Internal energy, enthalpy, measurement of U and H, heat capacity, specific heat, Hess’s law of constant heat summation, enthalpy of bond dissociation, enthalpy of combustion, enthalpy of formation, enthalpy of atomization, enthalpy of sublimation, enthalpy of phase transition, enthalpy of ionization, enthalpy of solution, enthalpy of dilution.
  • Introduction of entropy: Second law of thermodynamics, Gibbs energy change for spontaneous, non-spontaneous process, criteria for equilibrium and criteria for spontaneity.
  • Third law of thermodynamics: Brief introduction
Unit - 7 Equilibrium
  • Equilibrium in physical and chemical processes, dynamic nature of equilibrium, law of chemical equilibrium, equilibrium constant
  • Factors affecting equilibrium: Le Chatelier’s principle, ionic equilibrium, ionization of acids and bases, degree of ionization, ionization of polybasic acids, strong and weak electrolytes, acid strength, concept of pH
  • Hydrolysis of salts: Buffer solutions, Henderson equation, solubility product, common ion effect
Unit 8 - Redox Reactions
  • Concept of oxidation and oxidation and reduction: Redox reactions oxidation number, Balancing redox reactions in terms of loss and gain of electrons, Change in oxidation numbers
Unit 9 - Hydrogen
  • Occurrence of hydrogen, isotopes of hydrogen, preparation of hydrogen, properties of hydrogen, uses of hydrogen, hydrides ionic, covalent and interstitial, physical properties of water, chemical properties of water, heavy water, hydrogen peroxide-preparation, reactions, uses and its structure
Unit 10 - s-Block Elements (Alkali and Alkaline earth metals)
  • Group I and group 2 elements: Introduction, Electronic Configuration of the first element of each group, occurrence of the first element of each group, anomalous properties of the first element of each group, diagonal relationship, trends in the variation of properties, trends in chemical reactivity with oxygen, water, hydrogen and halogens, uses
  • Preparation and Properties of Some important Compounds: Sodium carbonate, sodium chloride, sodium hydroxide and sodium hydrogen carbonate, biological importance of sodium, biological importance of potassium
  • Industrial use of lime and limestone: Biological Importance of Mg and Ca
Unit 11 - Some p-Block Elements
  • Introduction to p-Block Elements
  • Group 13 elements: Introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, oxidation states, variation of properties, trends in chemical reactivity, anomalous properties of first element of the group, Boron
  • Some important compounds: Borax, Boric Acids, Boron Hydrides
  • Aluminium: Uses, Reactions with acids and alkalis.
  • General 14 elements: Introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, oxidation states, trends in chemical reactivity, anomalous behaviour of first element, variation of properties
  • Carbon: allotropic forms, physical properties, chemical properties, uses of some important compounds, oxides
  • Compounds of silicon: uses, silicon tetrachloride, silicones, silicates and zeolites, their uses
Unit 12 - Organic Chemistry - Some Basic Principles and Techniques
  • Organic Chemistry: Introduction, methods of purification, qualitative analysis, quantitative analysis, classification of organic compounds, IUPAC nomenclature of organic compounds
  • Electronic displacements in a covalent bond: inductive effect, electromeric effect, resonance, hyperconjugation
  • Homolytic and heterolytic fission of a covalent bond: free radials, carbocations, carbanions, electrophiles, nucleophiles, types of organic reactions
Unit 13 - Hydrocarbons
  • Alkanes: Nomenclature, conformations, isomerism, physical properties, chemical reactions, combustion and pyrolysis, Alkenes: Nomenclature, structure of double bond, geometrical isomerism, physical properties, methods of preparation, addition of hydrogen, halogen, water, hydrogen halides, Markovnikov’s addition and peroxide effect, ozonolysis, oxidation, mechanism of electrophilic addition
  • Alkynes: Nomenclature, structure of triple bond, physical properties, methods of preparation, acidic character of alkynes, addition reaction of hydrogen, halogens, hydrogen halides and water.
  • Aromatic hydrocarbons: Introduction, IUPAC nomenclature, Benzene, resonance, aromaticity, chemical properties, mechanism of electrophilic substitution, Nitration sulphonation, halogenation, Friedel Crafts alkylation, Friedel Crafts acylation, directive influence of functional group in mono-substituted benzene; carcinogenicity and toxicity
Unit 14 - Environmental Chemistry
  • Environmental pollution: Air pollution, water pollution, soil pollution, chemical reactions in atmosphere, chemical reactions in smogs, major atmospheric pollutants, acid rain ozone, reactions of acid rain ozone, effects of depletion of ozone layer, greenhouse effect, global warming pollution, green chemistry as an alternative tool for reducing pollution, strategy for control of environmental pollution

Check NEET UG 2022 Syllabus for Physics

NEET Chemistry Syllabus 2022: Class XII Syllabus

Unit-wise NEET Chrmistry syllabus for Class XII is tabulated below:

Topic Name Sub-topics included
Unit 1 - Solid State Classification of solids based on different binding forces: molecular, ionic covalent and metallic solids, amorphous and crystalline solids, unit cell in two dimensional,unit cell in three dimensional lattices, calculation of density of unit cell, packing in solids, packing efficiency, voids, number of atoms per unit cell in a cubic unit cell, point defects, electrical and magnetic properties, Band theory of metals, conductors, semiconductors and insulators
Unit 2 - Solutions
  • Types of solutions: expression of concentration of solutions of solids in liquids, solubility of gases in liquids, solid solutions
  • Colligative Properties: relative lowering of vapour pressure, Raoult’s law, elevation of boiling point, depression of freezing point, osmotic pressure, determination of molecular masses using colligative properties, abnormal molecular mass. Van Hoff factor
Unit 3 - Electrochemistry Redox Reactions: conductance in electrolytic solutions, specific conductivity variation of conductivity with concentration, molar conductivity variation of conductivity with concentration, kohlrausch’s Law, electrolysis, Laws of electrolysis, dry cell-electrolytic cells, Galvanic cells, lead accumulator, EMF of a cell, standard electrode potential, Relation between Gibbs energy change, EMF of a cell, fuel cells, corrosion
Unit 4 - Chemical Kinetics Rate of a reaction, factors affecting rates of reaction, concentration, temperature, catalyst, order, molecularity of a reaction, rate law, specific rate constant, integrated rate equations and half life, concept of collision theory, Activation energy, Arrhenious equation
Unit 5 - Surface Chemistry
  • Adsorption: physisorption and chemisorption, factors affecting adsorption of gases on solids, catalysis homogeneous and heterogeneous
  • Activity and Selectivity: enzyme catalysis, colloidal state, distinction between true solutions, colloids and suspensions, lyophilic, lyophobic multimolecular, macromolecular colloids, properties of colloids, Tyndall effect, Brownian movement, electrophoresis, coagulation, emulsions, types of emulsions
Unit 6 - General Principles and Processes of Isolation of Elements Principles and methods of extraction: concentration, oxidation, reduction electrolytic method, occurrence of aluminium, principles of extraction of aluminium, copper, zinc, iron
Unit 7 - p- Block Elements
  • Group 15 elements: Introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, trends in physical and chemical properties, oxidation states, preparation and properties of ammonia and nitric acid, oxides of nitrogen, Phosphorous, allotropic forms, compounds of phosphorus, preparation of phosphine, properties of phosphine, halides (PCI3, PCI5) and oxoacids
  • Group 16 elements: Introduction, electronic configuration, oxidation states, occurrence, trends in physical and chemical properties; dioxygen, preparation, properties and uses, classification of oxides, ozone, Sulphur, allotropic forms, compounds of sulphur, preparation, preparation, properties of sulphur dioxide, uses of sulphur dioxide; sulphuric acid, industrial process of manufacture of sulphuric acid, properties of sulphuric acid, uses of sulphuric acid, oxoacids of sulphur
  • Group 17 elements: Introduction, electronic configuration, oxidation states, occurrence, trends in physical and chemical properties, compounds of halogens, preparation, properties of chlorine, uses of chlorine, hydrochloric acid, interhalogen compounds oxoacids of halogens
  • Group 18 elements: Introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, trends in physical and chemical properties, uses
Unit 8 - d and f Block Elements
  • Introduction, electronic configuration, general trends in properties of the first row transition metals, metallic character, characteristics of transition metals, ionization enthalpy, oxidation states, ionic radii, colour, catalytic property, magnetic properties, interstitial compounds, alloy formation
  • Preparation and properties of K2Cr2O7 and KMnO4
  • Lanthanide: electronic configuration, oxidation states, chemical reactivity, and lanthanide contraction, its consequences
  • Actinoids: Electronic configuration, oxidation states, comparison with lanthanide
Unit 9 - Coordination Compounds Coordination compounds: Introduction, ligands, coordination number, IUPAC nomenclature of mononuclear coordination compounds, colour, magnetic properties and shapes, isomerism bonding, Werner’s theory VBT, CFT, importance of coordination compounds
Unit 10 - Haloalkanes and Haloarenes
  • Haloalkanes: Nomenclature, nature of C –X bond, physical properties, chemical properties, mechanism of substitution reactions, Optical rotation
  • Haloarenes: Nature of C-X bond, substitution reactions, Uses and environment effects of dichloromethane, trichloromethane, tetrachloromethane, iodoform, freons, DDT
Unit 11 - Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers
  • Alcohols: Nomenclature, methods of preparation, physical properties, chemical properties, identification of primary alcohols, identification of secondary alcohols and identification of tertiary alcohols, mechanism of dehydration, uses with special reference to methanol and ethanol
  • Phenols: Nomenclature, methods of preparation, physical properties, chemical properties, acidic nature of phenol, electrophilic substitution reactions, uses of phenols
  • Ethers: Nomenclature, methods of preparation, physical properties, chemical properties, uses
Unit 12 - Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic Acids
  • Aldehydes and Ketones: Nomenclature, methods of preparation, physical properties, chemical properties, nature of carbonyl group, mechanism of nucleophilic addition, reactivity of alpha hydrogen in aldehydes, uses
  • Carboxylic Acids: Nomenclature, acidic nature, methods of preparation, physical properties, chemical properties, uses
Unit 13 - Organic Compounds Containing Nitrogen
  • Amines: Nomenclature, methods of preparation, classification, structure, physical properties, chemical properties, uses, identification of primary secondary and tertiary amines
  • Cyanides and Isocyanides: mentioned at relevant places
  • Diazonium salts: Preparation, chemical reactions, importance in synthetic organic chemistry
Unit 14 - Biomolecules
  • Carbohydrates: Classification, monosaccharide, DL configuration, oligosaccharides, polysaccharides, importance
  • Proteins: Elementary idea of amino acids, peptide bond, polypeptides, proteins, primary structure, secondary structure, tertiary structure and quaternary structure, denaturation of proteins, enzymes
  • Hormones: Elementary idea
  • Vitamins: Classification and function
  • Nucleic Acids: DNA and RNA
Unit 15 - Polymers
  • Classification: Natural and synthetic, methods of polymerization, copolymerization
  • Some important polymers: natural and synthetic like polyesters, bakelite, rubber, Biodegradable polymers, non-biodegradable polymers
Unit 16 - Chemistry in Everyday Life
  • Chemicals in medicines: analgesics, tranquillisers, antiseptics, antifertility drugs, antibiotics, disinfectants, antimicrobials, antacids, antihistamines
  • Chemicals in food: preservatives, elementary ideas of antioxidants, artificial sweetening agents
  • Cleansing agents: soaps and detergents, cleansing action

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NEET Chemistry Syllabus 2022: Important Topics

As stated before, NEET Chemistry Syllabus comes under 3 sub-sections – Physical, Organic and Inorganic Chemistry. All of these three sections have almost equal weightage. But it is also important to note that in each of these 3 sections, there are certain chapters which have much higher weightage and are thus very important. Nevertheless, candidates must give importance to every topic in the NEET 2022 Chemistry Syllabus. Some topics were asked repeatedly in NEET Previous Year Question Papers. Candidates can check the table mentioned below to understand the NEET 2022 Chemistry Syllabus Weightage-

  • Chemistry Equilibrium
  • Hydrocarbons
  • Chemical Solutions
  • Basic Principles of Organic Chemistry
  • Atomic Structure
  • Electrochemistry
  • Chemical Bonding
  • Chemical Kinetics
  • Aldehydes
  • Ketones
  • Molecular Structure
  • Coordination Compounds
  • Carboxylic Acids

Check NEET 2022 Important Topics

NEET Chemistry Syllabus with Weightage

In NEET 2022 Chemistry section, there will be a total of 45 questions in total. The Question paper will contain a total of 3 sections which includes Organic Chemistry, Organic Chemistry, and Inorganic Chemistry. All the three sections have same weightage for which the weightage for each section is as follows:

Inorganic Chemistry

Some important topics for NEET Inorganics chemistry syllabus include Hydrogen elements, Periodic table, p, d, and f block elements, Periodicity, and many more. Overall weightage for all the questions is about 34%.

Important Topics Number of Questions
Chemical Bonding 4
Coordination Compounds 3
p-block 3
d-block & f-block Elements 2
Periodic Table & Periodicity in Properties 2
s-block 1
Hydrogen 1
Metallurgy 1
Qualitative Analysis 1

Organic Chemistry

Some important topics for NEET Organics chemistry syllabus include Hydrocarbons, Haloalkane, structure, properties and reactions of all the organic compounds. Overall weightage for all the questions is about 34%.

Important Topics Number of Questions
Aromatic Compounds 3
Chemistry in Everyday Life 2
Biomolecules 2
IUPAC & Isomerism 2
Alkyl Halide, Alcohol & Ether 2
Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic Acids 2
Carbonyl Compounds 2
Organic Compounds containing nitrogen 2
General Organic Chemistry 2
Hydrocarbons 2
Haloalkane & Polymer 2
Environmental chemistry & Practical Organic Chemistry 2

Physical Chemistry

Some important topics for NEET Physical chemistry syllabus include Ionic Equilibrium, Chemical Kinetics, Solutions, macroscopic objects, energy, motion, force, time, and many more. Overall weightage for all the questions is about 32%.

Important Topics Number of Questions
Chemical Kinetics 2
Ionic Equilibrium 2
Mole Concept 2
Solution & Colligative Properties 2
Solid State 1
Surface Chemistry 1
Thermodynamics and Thermochemistry 1
Electrochemistry 1
Atomic Structure & Nuclear Chemistry 1
Gaseous State 1
Redox Reactions 1
Chemical Equilibrium 1

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NEET Chemistry Syllabus 2022: Preparation Tips

Although the NEET 2022 Chemistry Syllabus is wide and has too much to study, the questions are repetitive and with a simple twist. Practicing regularly with NEET Previous Year Question Papers will help improve the performance by a large margin. Additionally, the candidates need to be quick and wise in the selection of questions to clear the exam with a good score. Some Preparation tips for NEET Chemistry Syllabus Coverage are as follows:

  • Candidates can prepare for practice papers and mock tests of previous year exams.
  • Candidates can prepare their revision notes to get a better understanding of all the topics.
  • Along with NCERT books candidates must refer some other books that give you space for practice.
  • As inorganic chemistry has a vast syllabus and difficult structural diagrams, best to practice them regularly.
  • Candidates have to practise managing their time. They have to do previous year papers so that they can make proper timings for all types of sections which will give a boost in managing their timings during the exam.
  • Candidates have to divide the exam into high-priority, medium-priority, and low-priority so that they can prepare more for high importance questions.

NEET Chemistry Syllabus 2022: Best Books

According to NEET News, all the Candidates need to go through the NCERT books of 12th class level. It is easily available in pdf formats. They could be the best source for the preparation of coverage of NEET Chemistry Syllabus. In the following table, some NEET Important books are recommended as follows:

Writer’s Name Book’s Name
RK Gupta Objective Chemistry
Morrison Organic Chemistry
HC Verma Boyd for Organic Chemistry
JD Lee Concise Inorganic Chemistry
OP Tandon Physical Chemistry
Dinesh Dinesh Chemistry Guide
Modern ABC of Chemistry for Classes 11 and 12
Sudhanshu Thakur 40 Days Chemistry for NEET

NEET Chemistry Syllabus FAQs

Ques: What are the major important topics for NEET Chemistry Syllabus 2022?

Ans: The major important topics for NEET Chemistry Syllabus 2022 includes General Organic Chemistry, Amines, Periodic Table, Hydrocarbons, Alcohol, Aldehyde, Metallurgy, Hydrogen, s, p, d, f-block, Surface Chemistry. There can be more than 20 questions from all these high-priority topics.

Ques: What is the weightage of NEET Chemistry Syllabus 2022?

Ans: There will be a total of 45 questions in the NEET 2022 Chemistry Syllabus. There will be a deduction of 1 mark for each wrong answer, whereas 4 marks will be awarded for every correct answer.

Ques: On what basis, Cut Off for NEET Chemistry 2022 is prepared?

Ans: Cut Off for NEET Chemistry Exam is prepared on various factors such as Difficulty level of Exam, Reservation policies, Number of candidates who appeared for the exam, Number of Candidates who passed the exam, Availability of seats, Marking scheme and many more.

Ques: What is the aper pattern of NEET Chemistry Exam?

Ans: As per, NEET 2022 Exam Pattern, the chemistry section includes a total of 45 MCQ type questions which are of a total of 180 marks.

Ques: In how many languages, the NEET Chemistry Exam is conducted?

Ans: The NEET Chemistry section is conducted in a total of 11 languages which includes English, Hindi, Assamese, Bengali, Marathi, Odia, Tamil, Telugu, Gujarati, Kannada, and Urdu.

Ques. Is there any changes in NEET Chemistry Syllabus 2022?

Ans. No, NTA has not made changes in NEET 2022 chemistry syllabus.

Ques. How important is NEET 111th Chemisrty syllabus?

Ans. NEET Chemistry syllabus of class 11th is as imortant as class 12th syllabus. Almost every year, NEET Chemistry Syllabus of class 11th and 12th are given equal weightage.

*The article might have information for the previous academic years, please refer the official website of the exam.


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